The components of Speech include phonation, producing sound; resonance; fluency, variation of pitch and voice amongst other things. The components of Language include: phonology, manipulating sound according to the rules of a language; morphology, understanding and using minimal units of meaning; syntax, constructing sentences by using languages’ grammar rules; semantics, interpreting signs or symbols of communication to construct meaning; and pragmatics, social aspects of communication.
Cases which can benefit from Speech Therapy:
Infants with injuries due to complications at birth, feeding and swallowing difficulties,which could include dysphagia.
Children with mild, moderate or severe:
Genetic disorders that adversely affect speech, language and/or cognitive development.
Autism (including Asperger’s)
Cranial Nerve Damage.
Specific Language impairment
Specific difficulties in producing sounds (Also called Articulation Disorder)
Pediatric traumatic brain injury
Developmental Verbal dyspraxia