Occupational Therapy, popularly addressed as “OT” involves evaluating and preparing treatment plans to preserve the everyday functions and living capacities of individuals with certain levels of physical, mental or psychological health concerns. OT provides a platform to individuals with such concerns to focus on their skills in order to live productive lives. The majority of work in this area is therefore done dealing with barriers between the individual concerned and his or her involvement in independent living. Hence, this therapy centres on the client, sets clear cut goals based on the client’s needs, and focuses on progress through the set agendas. Thus, it OT includes anything and everything from performance of daily activities, to educating family about their involvement in the treatment process to, teaching new skills and also adaptation to circumstances or events.
Occupational Therapy for children:
At Reconnect, for example, occupational therapists work with infants, toddlers, young children and adolescents. The process also includes family members in varied ways. The setting of the treatment may include schools, clinics and one’s own home. In the end, the whole sole aim is to provide a child and their caregivers the opportunity to participate in meaningful arenas and events by addressing their psychosocial needs.
Occupational Therapy and General Mental Health:
As suggested by the World Health Organization, mental health and related illnesses are a major disease burden in this day and age. Thus, OT has become an effective part of addressing these concerns across the board and has carved a niche for its utility. This form of treatment is diverse in application and can be used with a wide array of clients or patients; children, youth, geriatric populations, military veterans, etc.
Mental health related conditions or disorders that come under the umbrella of OT services include mood disorders, psychosis/psychotic conditions, obsessive compulsive disorders, neurodevelopmental disorders, learning disorders, and many more.
Occupational Therapy and Rehabilitative Services:
As occupational therapy works, therapists address requirements ranging from participation, and rehabilitation. Occupational therapists work on planning treatment strategies for cognitive, psychosocial, and physical themes. Specifically with a focus on adult rehabilitation or disability, OT covers areas of increasing quality of life (for example, working with survivors of cancer by focusing on professional endeavors, stress reduction, anxiety management, dealing with fatigue, etc.), providing services to those in armed services ( for example, dealing with brain injuries, coping with use of prosthetic devices, and even post traumatic stress disorder related distress), etc.
Speech and Language Therapy:
The components of speech development include sounds, phonation, fluency, pitch, breathing, etc. While the language components include morphology, understanding meaning and use of minimal units of language, syntax, sentence construction, grammatical rules, pragmatics, social aspects, etc. Thus, the situation where speech therapy and language therapy can come in use are diverse. Some of them are as follows: