Clinical depression goes by lots of names –the “blues”, or major depression/depressive episode/s, etc. However, the terms refer to similar symptomsscenarios; feeling of low mood, feeling sad, depressed for weeks or even months at a time. This perception is usually accompanied by thoughts of hopelessness, maybe feel down and low in physical energy, and taking small or perhaps no pleasure in items that gave you pleasure in the past. A person who is depressed usually has a very difficult time to work energetically or with motivation. Often the slightest of things and smallest of tasks become bothersome for such an individual.

Presently, depression is readily treated with contemporary antidepressant medications and mostly combined with goal oriented psychotherapy.

Bipolar Disorder, likewise recognized by its older brand “manic depression”, is actually a psychological condition which is actually characterized by really serious mood swings. An individual with bipolar disorder experiences alternating “highs” and “lows” (what clinicians talk recognized as depression) in mood. Both the so called bi-polar periods might be short, from just a couple of hours to a couple of days, and longer, lasting up to a number of days or perhaps even months. The periods of mania and depression vary from person to person - many people may only experience very brief periods of these intense moods, and may not even be aware that they have bipolar disorder.

Symptoms of Depression:
  • Persistently sad or low or depressed or “empty” mood
  • Feelings of hopelessness, and/or significant pessimism
  • Decreased levels of energy: consistent feeling of fatigue
  • Loss of pleasure or interest in hobbies and activities which were at one time enjoyed
  • Difficulty concentrating, or recalling
  • Difficulty in making decisions
  • Recurrent feelings of guilt, worthlessness and/or helplessness
  • Insomnia, early morning awakening, or oversleeping
  • Reduced appetite and/or weight reduction or in contrast, overeating and weight gain
  • Thoughts of suicide or death; suicide attempts
  • Restlessness, or irritability
  • Persistent physical symptoms that do not respond to treatment, such as headaches, digestive disorders, and chronic pain

Symptoms of Mania (Bipolar Disorder):
  • Excessive or abnormal levels of elation
  • Racing thoughts
  • Unusual levels of irritability
  • Markedly increased sexual desire
  • Decreased necessity for sleep
  • Grandiosity in thoughts
  • Increased talkativeness
  • Markedly increased energy
  • Poor judgment (as evidenced by for example, overspending, gambling in huge amounts, etc)
  • Inappropriate public behavior (of sexual or physical nature for example).